first_imgSeamie Coleman meets his home gang on the way into Croker – thanks to Niamh for the great pictureTHE shakes had finally stopped – and we can now believe we’re in an all-Ireland final again 20 years after bringing Sam home to Donegal.Want to know what Paddy McBrearty thinks. This is what he said: “Can’t believe it! I have dreaming of this since I was able to walk!“Words can’t describe how good this feels..Fans were amazing,over 40,000 thousand people from Donegal in there today! Now to look forward to the best 4 weeks of my life – Jimmy’s Winning Matches!” Here are your pictures from home and abroad.And you can keep sending them in to [email protected]!Brid Sweeney, Loughanure meets Cork fan Ger Donavan in Croke Park. (PIC: Eoin Mc Garvey) Donegal fans including well-known cameraman Shane Wallace celebrate Donegal’s win outside the White House – that’s the White House in America and not in the Twin Towns!The Duffy family from Letterkenny are smiling as Donegal beat Cork but they still haven’t got their tickets for the final yet!Ruairi Jones celebrating with his mum Sonia in Bangor, Co Down.Ruairi is still smiling after the 70 minutes and he’s looking for a final ticket too.Dillon Monaghan, 3, may live in Galway (his mum is form Gaoth Dobhair) but there’s no question who he is shouting for.You’ll never guess which team these two girls are supporting?! Jason, Lia and pup Chara McGee, from Glenswilly supporting Donegal in their colours.IN PICTURES: DONEGAL FANS CELEBRATE AT HOME AND ABROAD! was last modified: August 26th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:IN PICTURES: DONEGAL FANS CELEBRATE AT HOME AND ABROAD!last_img read more

Biko at the Apartheid Museum

first_img23 January 2008Just over 30 years ago, on 12 September 1977, Stephen Bantu Biko died in police detention at the age of 31, leaving behind him a fundamentally altered political landscape and a liberating mirror for the black men and women of South Africa.The pioneer of the Black Consciousness philosophy was arrested on the outskirts of the Eastern Cape town of Grahamstown on 18 August 1977, and taken to apartheid security police headquarters in Port Elizabeth where, according to South African History Online, he “was beaten so severely that damage to his brain was caused.“Realising to a certain extent the seriousness of his condition, the police decided to transfer him to a prison hospital in Pretoria, which was 1 133 kilometres away. He died shortly after his arrival there.”To commemorate the 30th anniversary of his death, the Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg has put together an excellent exhibition on Biko. Through about 50 panels filled with text and graphics, the viewer can read the words of Biko, taken from his book I Write What I Like.But there are also many other things to read about the man, and how he died a lonely death at the hands of the brutal security police. There is unique footage of Biko from a 1977 BBC interview; and then minister of police Jimmy Kruger’s infamous comment after Biko’s death:“I am not glad and I am not sorry about Mr Biko. His death leaves me cold. I can say nothing to you. Any person who dies . I shall also be sorry if I die .” Kruger said, laughing at his own joke.There is also footage of Kruger. Initially, the security police said that the cause of death was a hunger strike. Several months later, when it was acknowledged that Biko had died of brain damage, Kruger said dispassionately: “A man can damage his brain many ways. I have also felt like banging my head against a brick wall many times, but realising now, with the Biko autopsy, that may be fatal, I haven’t done it.”Born in King William’s TownBantu Steve Biko was born in King William’s Town in 1948, a tall, handsome man with a charismatic personality. He was a founder member of the South African Students’ Organisation, from which the Black Consciousness Movement developed, with the slogan “Black is beautiful”.Biko said in his book: “When you say ‘Black is beautiful’ you are saying, ‘Man, you are okay as you are; begin to look upon yourself as a human being.’”A number of umbrella organisations were formed, one of which was the Black People’s Convention, which played a role in the Soweto riots of 1976.In 1973, Biko was banned and confined to Eastern Cape. After the riots he was arrested repeatedly; by his final arrest on 18 August 1977 he had been in and out of jail frequently, including spending 101 days in solitary confinement.He was held naked and manacled at the Walmer police station in Port Elizabeth, says human rights advocate George Bizos in No One to Blame. On the morning of 6 September he was taken to the security police offices in the Sanlam Building and interrogated until 6pm, when he was again handcuffed and shackled.Long journey to PretoriaBiko was examined and transferred to the prison hospital; he was given a lumbar puncture, which revealed blood in his spinal fluid. It was decided to transfer him to Pretoria, a 1 133 kilometre journey that took 11 hours, with Biko lying naked in the back of the Land Rover. He died on 12 September 1977 in the Pretoria prison hospital later that night. He was just 31 years old.His death caused a worldwide outcry which temporarily stopped the deaths in detention, but they resumed a year to two later. In all, 115 people died in prison between 1963 and 1990.Biko’s wife, Ntsiki, says of his death in detention: “I think Steve expected to die in the hands of the security police. I think all of us expected it. But Steve was prepared to sacrifice his life for the black cause. He felt his work was so important that even if he died it would be worth it.”And Biko himself said of dying: “You are either alive and proud or you are dead, and when you are dead, you don’t care anyway. And your method of death can be a politicising thing.”Behind the iconThe exhibition traces Biko’s birth and education, his spells inside jail, his relationships, and his death in detention.There is a section, right at the top end of the exhibition, which, says curator Emilia Potenza, attempts to record details of others who died in detention. A video broadcasts images of them and their families, and any other details that researchers have managed to accumulate.Says Potenza: “It is an extraordinary story which moves beyond the icon on a T-shirt to what’s behind that icon.”Besides the repeated recordings of Biko and Kruger, the constant refrain of Peter Gabriel’s song, simply entitled Biko, first released in 1980, echoes hauntingly around the museum.The exhibition was put together at the request of the Department of Education, with assistance from the Steve Biko Foundation. It makes use of many original photographs, documents and audio-visual clips, and draws on interviews with a range of his contemporaries.It will travel around the country and go overseas, says Christopher Till, the museum’s director. “The Biko story is one that needs to be told. His philosophy has won over the minds of many. Many of the BC [Black Consciousness] ideas have triumphed.”The apartheid state, says Bizos, considered Biko dangerous “not because he had ever taken part in violent activities, but because of his formidable intellect.”The exhibition will run until the end of June 2008. The Apartheid Museum is on the corner of Northway and Gold Reef roads, Ormonde. It is open from Tuesdays to Sundays from 10am to 5pm.Source: City of Johannesburglast_img read more

Oats could address forage shortage on prevented planting acres

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Allen Gahler and Stan Smith, Ohio State University ExtensionLast week, USDA released the declaration that a cover crop planted onto prevented planting acres can now be harvested as a forage after Sept. 1, rather than the normal date of Nov. 1, which provides a small glimmer of hope for some livestock producers and those equipped to harvest forages. While Ohio is experiencing a severe shortage of forages for all classes of livestock, weed control on prevented planting acres is also a major concern. With USDA’s declaration, we can now address both problems in one action — seeding cover crops that will be harvestable as a forage after Sept. 1.As with everything else this season, however, patience is the key. Although an ideal situation would be cover crops that can be put out immediately and reduce the need for tillage, chopping, or spraying of weeds already present, there are unfortunately not many species of cover crop that will accomplish this and still provide significant tonnage or feed quality as a forage in September. Sorghum/Sudangrass seed is in very tight supply, soybeans as a cover may not be ideal for making hay or producing desired tonnages, and corn as a cover crop is still questionable in terms of insurance payments, and whether or not we can get it dry enough to make good silage. Teff grass, pearl millet, and Italian ryegrass may be good options if you can locate seed and get them established, but if planted now, they may be ready for harvest prior to Sept. 1, and quality will be sacrificed. Most other species of crops that fit the bill for making a good forage simply won’t work well at all if planted right now. So, again, we wait. But once we get to late July or early August, our options begin to open up.Our traditional cover crops of cereal rye, annual ryegrass, oats, peas, turnips, and other brassicas have been used by livestock producers for many years with good success at producing forages. There are several good articles, fact sheets, and recommendations on these crops used as an annual forage following a wheat crop, or even aerial seeded into standing soybeans and corn acres available in our library at www.u.osu.edu/beef, and on the OSU Extension forage site at www.forages.osu.edu. With over 15 years of experience with summer planted oats under our belts, preceded by and intermixed with several years of experience with cereal rye, brassicas, and grasses, we know there’s still plenty of time to “create” anywhere from one to five tons of forages in wheat stubble or prevented plant fields. From our experiences with many operations in all parts of the state, and on our own farms in Northwest Ohio and Southeastern Ohio, oats would be the species of choice to provide the lowest input, most readily available forage, with the best chance for significant tonnage this year.The ideal situation is planting oats into vacant fields resulting from Prevented Planting or harvested wheat on or around Aug. 1. Existing weeds must be controlled prior to planting with a herbicide application. With just a little moisture (no pun intended), and a small amount of nitrogen, you might be surprised at the growth you can get out of oats planted in late July or August.Oat hay is an acceptable forage for all classes of livestock, and while nutrient content will vary depending on maturity at harvest, we have repeatedly seen oats harvested at 60 days of growth with crude protein levels from 12% to 19%, and digestible organic matter as high as 65%. If you are looking to make dry hay, it can be a challenge in late September or October, often requiring 5 to 7 days after being cut, but it is certainly possible, and small amounts of rain during the dry down process will not deteriorate this forage nearly as rapidly as alfalfa and other grasses. If you do not get that window to cut them for dry hay, it may cost a little more, but having the oats wet-wrapped beats the alternative of having no hay available. Your cows, goats, and sheep will literally run you over to get to it once you start feeding it.There are some options on oats as far as what to plant, including forage type oats that are bred specifically for forage production, bin run oats that may be harvested locally or around Ohio yet this summer, or feed oats that are likely shipped in from Canada and used in many of our livestock rations at co-ops all around the state. Depending on your goal, all three sources of seed will work. If you are feeding dairy cows or maybe even looking at horse quality hay, forage oats will be more expensive, but are likely the best option, as nutrient levels tend to be higher, given the later maturity of the plant and the lower likelihood of the plant trying to form a seedhead. Fungus issues in the form of rust are about the only major issue we see in any type of oats seeded for forage, but the varieties bred for forage production are generally less susceptible, helping keep these more palatable as hay. If you plan to use this option, contact your seed dealers ASAP to check on availability.If you are simply looking for the cheapest and easiest source of seed, and are not as concerned about germination, seed quality, or foreign material in your seed, then locally produced oats are your best option. Be aware that many oats were planted late this year, may not yield as much as needed, and likely will have significant weed seed in them at harvest, so cleaning would be a must, or we lose sight of the original intent of covering the ground on prevented plant acres.The final option of utilizing feed grade oats as the seed is likely the most realistic and economical option. First off, most feed oats have come from Canada, where production has not been an issue, and we have not talked to any co-op or feed mill that has any indication of a tightening supply or major cost increase. Feed oats are usually triple-cleaned to provide horse quality feed, so weed seeds should not be present, and you can likely buy these in bulk from your local co-op for $15 to $22 per hundred weight.Once you have obtained a source of seed that is right for you, the establishment is usually pretty simple: no-till 60 to 90 pounds into harvested wheat fields, or prevented plant fields anytime from late July up until early September. It appears that late July or early August may be the optimum time to plant oats when high-quality forage is the goal. “Spring” oats seldom make seed when planted after the days begin to shorten in July, but will continue to grow leaves until Thanksgiving or after in Ohio. Consider applying 40-50 units of nitrogen about 60 days before you plan to harvest them, regardless of the harvest method for optimal nitrogen use. Common scenarios for this include broadcasting urea ahead of the drill, mixing UAN 28% with Roundup if a burndown is needed, or applying ammonium sulfate after germination. Conventional till planting scenarios have worked as well and could be required this year depending on weed control up until planting time, but typically drier conditions make germination and early growth slightly less productive with oats.While many of the hardest hit portions of Northwest Ohio may not even have their own livestock or be considering grazing options, it could be relevant in some areas where fences exist around prevented plant acres, and some of these areas could also have the need for spring forages.If your primary needs are forage for grazing, hay, or silage next spring, cereal rye appears to be the best alternative. The opportunity exists to graze it in the late summer and fall, however, the most abundant tonnage will come in the spring. In addition to planting it with the options mentioned above for oats, you may also no-till it after row crop harvest — particularly soybeans and silage corn — this fall.If your primary needs are grazeable forages as soon as possible, consider turnips or a combination of oats and turnips. Previous summers we’ve seen good results locally when planting a “grazing turnip” such as Appin in combination with oats. If some precipitation is received shortly after planting, this combination could be strip grazed as early as 5 to 6 weeks after planting. The oats will provide some additional fiber in this grazing mix, and the Appin turnips will continue to regrow after being topped off with early grazing.As you review your options, realize that at times seed oats are difficult to purchase this time of year. Contact the Ohio Seed Improvement Association or visit http://www.ohseed.org for a list of growers who may have seed oats available.If you take the opportunity to try any of these extended grazings or forage production alternatives, please keep us updated on your progress and success. We hope to be able to follow along with some real-time updates through the summer and fall with the status of cover crop forage plantings, and we also have plans to seed trials at the North Central Agricultural Research station near Fremont that will evaluate seeding dates, variety of oats, and possibly the benefits of a fungicide application on oats planted for forage. Many fact sheets and articles are available on these forages at your local extension office, the OSU Beef team website, the OSU Forage team website, or at www.ohioline.osu.eduIf you have questions or would like further information, feel free to contact Allen at the Sandusky County office 419-334-6340 or [email protected], or Stan at the Fairfield County office 740-653-5419 or [email protected]last_img read more